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While the overall health and wellbeing of India's population has improved in recent decades, challenges still remain with regard to maternal and neonatal health and also the negative health impacts of traditional cooking methods. The neonatal mortality rate in India in 2014 was 44 per 1,000 live births. According to World Bank data, the maternal mortality ratio in 2015 was 174 per 100,000 live births.  In an effort to lower the prevalence of maternal and neonatal deaths in India, TRAction is working in the area of recognition and care seeking for maternal and newborn health complications. Specifically, TRAction is supporting a case study to investigate whether a health behavior change communication model (HBCM) that was introduced among women in marginalized sections of Uttar Pradesh has resulted in improved recognition and appropriate care seeking. The overall objective was to improve maternal and child survival and nutritional outcomes for children under five. 

TRAction is also working towards reducing the negative health impacts of traditional cooking methods. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Ischemic heart disease accounts for 12% of deaths in India and is the top cause of death overall. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) causes 11% of deaths and stroke accounts for 9%. Recognizing the negative health impacts of cooking via traditional methods, TRAction is supporting its partners to test interventions to increase the use of improved cookstoves in Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. 

Sources: Center for Disease Control, Population Reference Bureau World Population Data Sheet. 2014, World Bank databank



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