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Comparing actual and perceived causes of fever among community members in a low malaria transmission setting in northern Tanzania

Author: 

Hertz, Julian T

Munishi, O. Michael

Sharp, Joanne P

Reddy, Elizabeth A

Crump, John A

Publication: 

Tropical Medicine and International Health

Page(s): 
1406-1415
Date Published: 
Friday, November 1, 2013

The purpose of this paper was to compare actual and perceived causes of fever in northern Tanzania. In a standardized survey, heads of households in 30 wards in Moshi, Tanzania, were asked to identify the most common cause of fever for children and for adults. Responses were compared to data from a local hospital-based fever etiology study that used standard diagnostic techniques. Malaria was the most frequently identified cause of fever, cited by 56.7% and 43.6% as the most common cause of fever for adults and children, respectively. However, malaria accounted for only 2.0% of adult and 1.3% of pediatric febrile admissions in the fever etiology study. The study indicates Malaria is perceived to be a much more common cause of fever than hospital studies indicate, shedding light on the fact that other important diseases are under-appreciated in northern Tanzania.

Resource Type: 
Region: 
Country / Countries: 
Tanzania

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