Traction Login
Home >> Resources >> Environmental Health Safety Water Sanitation And Hygiene >> Population Density, Poor Sanitation, and Enteric Infections in Nueva Santa Rosa, Guatemala

Population Density, Poor Sanitation, and Enteric Infections in Nueva Santa Rosa, Guatemala

Author: 

Jarquin, Claudia

Arnold, Benjamin F

Munoz, Fredy

Lopez, Beatriz

Cuellar, Victoria M

Thornton, Andrew

Patel, Jaymin

Reyes, Lisette

Roy, Sharon L

Bryan, Joe P

McCracken, John P

Colford, Jr, John M

Publication: 

American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Date Published: 
Monday, February 8, 2022
Cover of Population Density, Poor Sanitation, and Enteric Infections in Nueva Santa Rosa, Guatemala
Poor sanitation could pose greater risk for enteric pathogen transmission at higher human population densities because of greater potential for pathogens to infect new hosts through environmentally mediated and person-to-person transmission. We hypothesized that incidence and prevalence of diarrhea, enteric protozoans, and soil-transmitted helminth infections would be higher in high-population-density areas compared with low-population density areas, and that poor sanitation would pose greater risk for these enteric infections at high density compared with low density. We tested our hypotheses using 6 years of clinic-based diarrhea surveillance (2007–2013)
including 4,360 geolocated diarrhea cases tested for 13 pathogens and a 2010 cross-sectional survey that measured environmental exposures from 204 households (920 people) and tested 701 stool specimens for enteric parasites. We found that population density was not a key determinant of enteric infection nor a strong effect modifier of risk posed by poor household sanitation in this setting.
Resource Type: 
Country / Countries: 
Guatemala

News

December 02, 2021

Landmark Beach Hotel and Conference Centre, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 30 November - 1 December 2021

...

November 27, 2021

The  International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women kicked off the 1st International...

Events

No upcoming events at this time. View past events.
Facebook Twitter LinkedIn YouTube SIGN UP FOR EMAIL UPDATES
Tweets by @HEARDProject